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This page defines common terms you will encounter as you explore and incorporate instructional accessibility
A device commonly used by people who are blind or visually impaired. A screen reader uses text and code to verbally describe what is on the computer screen.
Interferes with a person’s ability to distinguish sounds, single out specific sounds in loud environments, or follow oral instructions.
Interferes with a person’s ability to process visual information (e.g. dyslexia and dysgraphia).
Interferes with a person’s ability to see color or distinguish colors. Usually occurs in specific pairs: red & green, blue & yellow, purple & orange, but there is also total color blindness.
Permanent total or moderate hearing loss. Some can hear with technology or surgery. Deaf people commonly use captions, lip reading, or a sign language interpreter to interact with the hearing world.
Mild hearing loss. Usually temporary (e.g. tinnitus).
Notes section at the bottom of PowerPoint slides. These notes can be read by a screen reader and seen while you are in presentation mode with two displays (i.e. you MSU Denver device and a projector/desktop).
The different between two colors. To be ADA compliant, text and background need to have a ratio of at least 4:5:1 (black on white is 21:1; white on white is 1:1).
Text that provides context for a figure. usually below the figure and denotes
The figure number (i.e. Figure 2). Captions benefit anyone viewing the information.
Text attached to a figure that is read by a screen reader. Described the photo to the user.
Both refer to text over videos. Closed captions are more detailed as they name speakers and identify sounds. Subtitles display the audible dialogue only.
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