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An overview of creating accessible documents of every type
Regardless of the creation program or file type, all documents must adhere to the same basic principles for accessibility. This page outlines those principles on a general level.
Adding structural elements such as section headings, spacing, and breaks can enhance the readability of a document. However without Programmatically Determinable elements, the structure will only have visual value making the document inaccessible to screen readers. Programmatically Determinable means information has been programmed into the document for use by screen readers. A fully accessible document has an effective visual structure that is also Programmatically Determinable.
As readability is at the heart of document accessibility, the goal when creating an accessible document is that it can be read by anyone regardless of their ability. Therefore, font (typeface), size, color, and style need to be used in ways that do not impede the readability of the document in any way.
Choose colors that meet the Color Contrast Guidelines
Visuals like tables, charts, and images can be valuable instructional tools; therefore, Alternative Text and Long Descriptions is essential to help readers who are blind or have limited/low vision understand the image and its value. Clear Layout Design and Color Contrast Guidelines should be used maintain visual accessibility while utilizing titles, labels, and captions helps all readers identify the visual.
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